Parathyroid Disorders

These are only general guidelines and not meant to replace instructions from a physician. Please talk with your physician about your specific condition.

About The Condition

Parathyroid glandsThe parathyroid glands are four small glands, typically located behind the thyroid gland in your neck. These glands secrete parathyroid hormone, which helps to regulate your body’s levels of calcium and phosphorus. Hyperparathyroidism occurs when one or more parathyroid glands produce too much parathyroid hormone. This may cause kidney stones (excess calcium is excreted in the urine), osteoporosis (bone density loss as calcium is removed from the bones by the excess hormone) and occasionally depression or other psychiatric conditions. Surgery is indicated to reverse and prevent the complications of hyperparathyroidism. Surgery is also indicated for cancer of the parathyroid glands.

Before Surgery

If you are having surgery, you may be asked to:

Please ask your physician about any additional steps you should take before your surgery.  Your surgeon may request additional imaging studies to attempt to localize the responsible gland prior to surgery.

Surgery

Surgery for hyperparathyroidism is done under general anesthesia through an incision at the base of your neck. It may be possible to perform this operation through a minimally invasive incision. During the operation, your parathyroid hormone levels will be monitored to determine that the responsible gland is removed. If all four of your parathyroid glands are overactive, your surgeon will typically remove 3 ½ glands. The remaining portion of the gland is then either left in place or moved to a location in your arm or neck to attempt to normalize the level of parathyroid hormone production.  There is some variation in the location of the parathyroid glands that may require a longer incision and a longer operation to search for a gland if it is located in an unusual position.

 

After Surgery

If you have been diagnosed with parathyroid cancer, you most likely will be referred to an oncologist for follow-up after your surgery. 

If you have additional questions, please contact us at 763.780.6699.

Surgeons Who Treat Endocrine Disorders

J. Kevin Croston, MD

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763.780.6699

Dr. Croston sees patients at the following clinic locations:

Special Medical Interests:

  • Hernia repairs, including complex abdominal wall reconstruction
  • Minimally invasive surgery
  • Endocrine surgery
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Jonathan C. Gipson, MD

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763.780.6699

Dr. Gipson sees patients at the following clinic locations:

Special Medical Interests:

  • Gastrointestinal surgery
  • Pancreas and foregut (esophagus and stomach) cancer surgery
  • Complex laparoscopic and robotic surgical procedures, including gastric bypass, gastric sleeve and hiatal hernia
  • Emergency surgical procedures
  • Surgical management of trauma
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Kamrun Jenabzadeh, MD

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763.780.6699

Dr. Jenabzadeh sees patients at the following clinic locations:

Special Medical Interests:

  • Robotic assisted surgery
  • Advanced laparoscopy
  • Reflux disease
  • Achalasia
  • Esophageal cancer
  • Benign and malignant gastrointestinal pathology
  • Colorectal oncology
  • Complex hernias
  • Groin hernias
  • Complex ventral and hiatal hernias
  • Endocrine, such as adrenal, thyroid and parathyroid diseases
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Kourtney L. Kemp, MD

Call us Today:

763.780.6699

Dr. Kemp sees patients at the following clinic locations:

Special Medical Interests:

  • Laparoscopic procedures
  • Endoscopic procedures
  • Endocrine
  • Esophageal
  • Traumatic injuries
  • Complex hernia surgery
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Steven J. Kern, MD

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763.780.6699

Dr. Kern sees patients at the following clinic locations:

Special Medical Interests:

  • Robotic surgery
  • Gallbladder Surgery
  • Hernia Surgery
  • Surgery for Esophageal Reflux
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Matthew K. Kissner, MD

Call us Today:

763.780.6699

Dr. Kissner sees patients at the following clinic locations:

Special Medical Interests:

  • Minimally invasive surgery for hernia repair
  • Complex repair of ventral/incisional hernia
  • Robotic surgery, advanced laparoscopic surgery
  • Colon surgery
  • Thyroid surgery
  • Parathyroid surgery
  • Colonoscopy and upper endoscopy
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Corey J. Stennes, MD

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763.780.6699

Dr. Stennes sees patients at the following clinic locations:

Special Medical Interests:

  • Melanoma
  • Thyroid disease
  • Parathyroid disease
  • Gastric reflux
  • Hiatal hernia
  • Gastrointestinal malignancies
  • Repair of complex hernias
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rachel tay, MD

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763.780.6699

Dr. Tay sees patients at the following clinic locations:

Special Medical Interests:

  • Breast Cancer, breast disease
  • Colon resections
  • Gallbladder disease
  • Hernias
  • Nissen fundoplications
  • Thyroid conditions
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